Center for the Study on Globalization

The Yale Center for the Study of Globalization (YCSG) was launched to enrich the debate about globalization at Yale and to promote the flow of ideas between Yale and the policy world.

Council on East Asian Studies, Yale Center for International and Area Studies

The Council on East Asian Studies continues a long tradition of East Asian Studies at Yale by organizing lectures, conferences, seminar series and film series to provide a forum for discussion of and support for the study of China, Japan, and Korea.  The Council is part of the Yale Center for International and Area Studies, and sponsors a variety of events as well as grants and fellowships.

Orville H. Schell, Jr. Center for International Human Rights and the Allard K. Lowenstein International Human Rights Clinic, Yale Law School

The Orville H. Schell, Jr. Center for International Human Rights at Yale Law School coordinates a diverse program of human rights activities that serve students and scholars at Yale and contribute to the growth and development of the human rights community locally and internationally.

World Fellows Program, Yale University

Aiming to build a global network of emerging leaders and to broaden international understanding at Yale University, each year the World Fellows Program brings to Yale 16 to 18 highly accomplished men and women from a diverse set of countries around the world.

The Yale-China Association

The Yale-China Association is a private, nonprofit organization whose mission is to promote mutual understanding between Chinese and Americans through teaching and service.

The Yale Club of Beijing

The Yale Club of Beijing is a non-profit organization comprised of Yale University alumni who through events and gatherings support the global mission of Yale and its growing presence in China. 

 

China Law Translate
Interactive, crowd-sourced, English-Chinese translation website for legal materials and news. Created and maintained by the Paul Tsai China Center's Jeremy Daum.

 

American Bar Association China Committee Bibliography
Bibliography of web-based research guides and Chinese legal and business resources.  Prepared by Kara Phillips, Seattle University Law Library.

 

AsianLII: Laws of the People's Republic of China
The website contains an A to Z list of laws of the PRC derived mainly from government websites ChinaLaw (Information Centre for Legislative Affairs Office of the PRC State Council) and ChinaCourt (Supreme Peoples' Court).

 

iSinoLaw
Primarily in Chinese with English translations of selective Chinese laws and regulations; the site covers a fairly comprehensive range of primary sources as well other legal information about China.

 

Law Info China
Searchable fee-based site of laws, cases, and legal news. Maintained by ChinaLawInfo Co., Ltd., and the Legal Information Center of Peking University.

 

Library of Congress Guide to Law Online: China
General information on China and sources on China's constitution, executive, judicial, and legislative government structures.

 

Ministry of Civil Affairs
This user-friendly site provides information on the ministry's activities and on issues of social affairs under its purview.  Includes a selection of laws and regulations on relevant matters.

 

Ministry of Justice
The bilingual site provides texts of laws and regulations as well as considerable material on the legal profession. The databases for Ministries sometimes contain regulations that are not included elsewhere.

 

National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, Rule of Law Database
Database of academic programs and non-governmental organizations.

 

Research Guides to Chinese Law
Directory of online research guides to Chinese law maintained by Donald Clarke.

 

The Supreme Court of the PRC
Official site with selective information on laws and regulations, cases and judicial interpretation on major criminal cases. In Chinese only.

 

Update to Beyond the Border: The Construction of the Chinese Legal Information System in Cyberspace
Updated version of a journal article detailing major online and electronic Chinese legal resources and the status of legal information access. Written by Joan Liu and hosted by Law Library Resource Xchange (LLRX).

 

Yale Law School Lillian Goldman Law Library China Law Resources
Directory of research guides, primary sources, secondary sources, and news.

China joined the roughly 70 countries with access to information regimes in adopting its Open Government Information Regulations, which came into effect May 1, 2008 (see the 2008 global map of countries with freedom of information laws, regulations and pending bills by David Banisar.) Preceded by some 25 years of incremental and uneven progress toward greater government transparency, China’s OGI Regulations nonetheless mark a sharp break with a long tradition -- and a still strong culture -- of government secrecy.

As part of the Paul Tsai China Center’s ongoing research and cooperative work in the area of administrative law and regulatory reform, this site is designed to share information both about the development of open government information (OGI) in China and international practice and experience that may be of relevance to China’s quest to promote transparency in government and more law-based administration.

Chinese Law and Policy on Open Government Information

Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Open Government Information, April 5, 2007, effective May 1, 2008 (Chinese | English)

Press Conference with State Council Office of Legislative Affairs Vice Minister Zhang Qiong about the Regulations on Open Government Information, April 24, 2007 (Chinese)

Notice of the General Office of the State Council On Preparing Well for Implementing the Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Open Government Information, August 4, 2007 (Chinese | English)

Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Various Issues of Implementing the Open Government Information Regulations of the People’s Republic of China, April 29, 2008 (Chinese | English)

Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Improving the Work of Disclosing Government Information Upon Request, January 12, 2010 (Chinese | English)

Notice of the General Office Secretariat Bureau of the State Council on Issuing the Open Government Information Catalog System Implementing Guide (Interim), January 15, 2009 (Chinese

Notice of the General Office of the State Council on Further Improving Secrecy Examination in Open Government Information Work, November 20, 2010 (Chinese | English)

Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Further Strengthening Open Government Information Responding to Social Concerns in order to Raise Government Credibility, October 1, 2013 (Chinese)

Notice of the General Office of the State Council Issuing the 2014 Open Government Information Work Priorities, March 17, 2014 (Chinese

Notice of the General Office of the State Council on Strengthening and Standardizing Reporting Work for Statistics on the Open Government Information Situation, June 23, 2014 (Chinese)

Notice of the Ministry of Finance and the National Development and Reform Commission on Fees Collected for Providing Open Government Information and Other Relevant Issues, June 11, 2008 (Chinese | English)

Notice of the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance on the Standards for Fees Collected
by AdministrativeOrgans for Providing Open Government Information upon Request and Other Relevant Issues, July 16, 2008 (Chinese | English)

Opinions of the General Offices of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and the State Council of the People’s Republic of China on Further Promoting Open Government Affairs, March 24, 2005 (Chinese | English)

 

Local Legislation on Open Government Infomation

Hangzhou Municipal Provisions on Open Government Information (Chinese | English

Measures of Hunan Province to Implement the Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Open Government Information (Chinese | English)

Shanghai Municipal Provisions on Open Government Information (Chinese | English)

 

Articles on Chinese OGI

Jamie P. Horsley, “China’s FOIA Turns Eight,” Freedominfo.org, April 28, 2016, at: http://www.freedominfo.org/2016/04/chinas-foia-turns-eight/. (PDF)

Jamie P. Horsley, “China Promotes Open Government as it Seeks to Reinvent Its Governance Model,” Freedominfo.org, February 22, 2016, at: http://www.freedominfo.org/2016/02/china-promotes-open-government-as-it-seeks-to-reinvent-its-governance-model/. (PDF)

Jamie P. Horsley, “China’s Leaders Endorse Disclosure as the `Norm’," on Freedominfo.org, posted November 4, 2014 at: http://www.freedominfo.org/2014/11/chinas-leaders-endorse-disclosure-norm/ (English)

Jamie P. Horsley, "China Deepens Its Disclosure Regime," on Freedominfo.org, posted April 4, 2014 at here.

Zhao Zhenqun, New Progress of Open Government Information in China (2012-2014), China Law 2014/3 (Chinese | English)

Center for Public Participation Studies and Supports, An Investigative Report on Judicial Review of Open Government Information Cases in China (October 2013) (Chinese | English)

Wenjing Liu, “Approaching Democracy Through Transparency: A Comparative Law Study On Chinese Open Government Information,”  Am. U. Int’l L. Rev. (Vol. 26(4), 2011, at 983), at here. (PDF)  

Wenjing Liu, “Government Information Sharing:  Principles, Practice, and Problems — An International Perspective,”  Gov’t Info. Quarterly (Vol.28, Issue 3, July 2011, at 363)  at here.

Nolan R. Shaw, “Implementation of China’s 2007 Open Government Information Regulation,” Hastings Bus. L. J. (Vol 7:1, Winter 2011, at 169) at here.

Jamie P. Horsley, Guanyu zhengfu xinxi mianyu gongkai dianxing tiaokuan de sikao [Some Thoughts on Typical Exemptions for Government Information Disclosure], in Zhengzhi yu falv [Politics and Law], Issue 3, 2009, at 37. (Chinese | English)

Jin, Xuemei, “Providing government information and services in the Chinese public library,” submitted on May 28, 2009 to the World Library And Information Congress: 75th Ifla General Conference And Council, available at here. (PDF)

Center for Public Participation Studies and Supports, “Summary of the 2009 Annual Report on China’s Administrative Transparency,” (English | Chinese)

Thomas Hart, ed., "EU-China Information Society Project: Access to Government Information in Europe and China: What Lessons to be Learned?” (November 2007), (English PDF | Chinese PDF)

Jamie P. Horsley, “Toward a More Open China,” in FLORINI, ANN, ed., THE RIGHT TO KNOW: TRANSPARENCY FOR AN OPEN WORLD (Columbia University Press, 2007) (PDF)

Jamie P. Horsley, "China Adopts First Nationwide Open Government Information Regulations," on Freedominfo.org, posted May 9, 2007. (PDF)

Jamie P. Horsley, "Update on China's Open Government Information Regulations: Surprising Public Demand Yielding Some Positive Results ," on Freedominfo.org, posted April 23, 2010 at here, (PDF

Paul Hubbard, “China’s Regulations on Open Government Information: Challenges of Nationwide Policy Implementation,” Open Government: a journal on Freedom of Information (Volume 4, Issue 1, April 11, 2008) (PDF)

Mo Yuchuan and Lin Hongchao, “Research Report on Preparations to Implement the Open Government Information Regulations: Investigating in Particular the Experience of Jiangsu, Fujian, Sichuan and Yunnan Provinces,” Faxue (Issue 6 2008) (Chinese PDF of Submitted Article)

Suzanne J. Piotrowski, Yahong Zhang, Weiwei Lin and Wenxuan Yu, “Key Issues for Implementation of Chinese Open Government Information Regulations,” Public Administration Review (December 2009), available online at here.

Rick Snell and Weibing Xiao, “Freedom of Information Returns to China,” Public Administration Today (Jan-March 2007),  (PDF)

 

Materials on Access to Information in the United States and Around the World

Jamie Horsley and Can Sun, “Information Disclosure Requirements and Issues for Universities in the United States: Letting Sunshine into the Ivory Tower,” published in Chinese as «Meiguo daxue de xinxi gongkai de yaoqiu ji wenti», in the «Zhonggong zhejiangshengwei dangxiao xuebao »( Journal of the Zhejiang Provincial Communist Party School), Issue 5, 2014. (English) (Chinese

Article 19, Model Freedom of Information Law (July 2001), (PDF)

Article 19, “The Public’s Right to Know: Principles on Freedom of Information Legislation,” (June 1999) (PDF)

Atlanta Declaration and Plan of Action for the Advancement of the Right to Access to Information (February 2008), (PDF English) (PDF Chinese)

David Banisar, Freedom of Information Around the World 2006: A Global Survey of Access to Government Information Laws, (PDF)

Toby Mendel, “Freedom of Information: A Comparative Legal Survey” (2nd Edition 2008) in Chinese, translated by Professor Gong Wenxiang of Peking University, at here (Chinese), and English at here (English)

Mitchell W. Pearlman, “Freedom of Information,” 2007 (English | Chinese)

Thomas M. Susman, “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: E-Government and the People’s Right to Know,” Reprinted in Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. LXVIII, No. 2; November 1, 2001 (English) and Jiaoliu Magazine at 53 (2002) (Chinese)

United Nations Development Programme, “Right to Information: Practical Guidance Note” (July 2004), (PDF)

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, June 25, 1998 (referred to as the “Aarhus Convention”),  (English) and Chinese translation (official UN Chinese translation)

United States Department of Justice Office of Information and Privacy, “OIP Gives FOIA Implementation Advice to Other Nations,” FOIA Post, (2002) (English | Chinese)

United States White House, President Barack Obama Memorandum on Freedom of Information, January 21, 2009 (English | Chinese)

United States White House, President Barack Obama Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government, January 21, 2009 (English | Chinese)

United States White House, President Barack Obama Memorandum on Regulatory Compliance, January 18, 2011 (English | Chinese)

Department of Justice, Attorney General Holder Memorandum on The Freedom of Information Act, March 19, 2009 (English | Chinese)

 

Relevant Websites

Access Info Europe, http://www.access-info.org/

Carter Center, Access to Information Project, http://www.cartercenter.org/peace/americas/information.html

Carter Center, China Transparency.org, http://www.chinatransparency.org/

Carter Center, Open Government Information in China Homepage, http://www.chinaelections.net/ati.asp (in English)

Center for Public Participation Studies and Supports, Professor Wang Xixin, Peking University Law School, http://www.cppss.cn/ (in Chinese)

EU-China Information Society Project, http://www.eu-china-infso.org/

FOI in China, http://chinesefoi.org/ - set up by Clement Yongxi Chen

FOIAnet, http://www.foiadvocates.net/

Freedominfo.org, http://www.freedominfo.org/

Privacy International, http://www.privacyinternational.org/index.shtml, Freedom of Information Homepage

Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and the China Environmental Culture Promotion Association (CECPA), http://www.greenlaw.org.cn/, (Chinese) and http://www.greenlaw.org.cn/enblog (English)

Research on FOI and E-Government in China, http://foichina.blogspot.com/ -- a FOIA blog focusing on China set up by Ben Wei in Shanghai

Over the past two decades, Chinese leaders and legal scholars have come to recognize that achieving rational and effective regulation in a rapidly changing modern society requires opening up China’s lawmaking and regulatory processes to a far greater degree than ever was the case during China’s long history. Public participation – through public hearings and open meetings, publication of draft laws, rules and policies for public comment and other means – is now increasingly recognized to be an important mechanism for gathering the information and expertise on which rational regulation is based and for gaining public acceptance of and compliance with new laws and regulatory decisions.

As part of The China Law Center’s ongoing research and cooperative work in the area of administrative law and regulatory reform, this site is designed to share information both about the development of public participation in China and international practice and experience that may be of relevance to China’s quest to promote greater citizen participation in and openness of government affairs, as well as government “administration in accordance with the law.”
 

Chinese Law and Policy on Public Participation

Legislation Law of the People’s Republic of China, effective July 1, 2000, http://www.china.org.cn/english/government/207419.htm (English); http://news.xinhuanet.com/legal/2003-01/21/content_699610.htm (Chinese)

Regulations of the State Council on the Procedures for Formulating Rules, effective January 1, 2002, http://www.gov.cn/english/laws/2005-08/24/content_25827.htm (English), http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2005-06/03/content_4138.htm (Chinese)

State Council Outline on Comprehensively Promoting Administration in Accordance with the Law, April 20, 2004 (Chinese)

State Council Office of Legislative Affairs Notice on Further Intensifying the Degree of Public Participation in Matters Related to Government Legislative Work, issued March 31, 2007, http://www.chinabaike.com/law/zy/bw/bs/fzb/1376475.html (Chinese)

State Council Office of Legislative Affairs Interim Measures on Openly Soliciting Opinions on Draft Laws and Regulations, revised July 22, 2011 (Chinese)

State Council Office of Legislative Affairs Secretariat Bureau Notice on Relevant Matters Concerning Posting Draft Departmental Rules on the Website of the State Council Legislative Affairs Office to Openly Solicit Opinions, August 1, 2011 (Chinese)

Guangzhou Municipal Measures on Public Participation in Formulating Rules, effective January 1, 2007 (English) (Chinese

Guangzhou Municipal Measures on Public Participation in Formulating Rules, revised and effective December 1, 2010 (Chinese)

Hunan Provincial Administrative Procedure Provisions, effective October 1, 2008 (Bilingual PDF), http://www.hunan.gov.cn/tmzf/zfxgz/200810/t20081018_123286.htm

Guangzhou Municipal Measures on Major Administrative Decision-making Procedures, effective January 1, 2011 (Chinese) (English

 

Articles on Public Participation in China

Jamie P. Horsley, “China Promotes Open Government as it Seeks to Reinvent Its Governance Model,” Freedominfo.org, February 22, 2016, at: http://www.freedominfo.org/2016/02/china-promotes-open-government-as-it-seeks-to-reinvent-its-governance-model/. (PDF)

Jamie P. Horsley, “Public Participation in the People’s Republic: Developing a More Participatory Governance Model in China” (2009) (PDF)

USBC, "China 2014 Regulatory Transparency Scorecard" (March 2014) (PDF)

Shelly Zhao, "Report: China Still Falls Short of Its Transparency Commitments" (March 2014) (PDF)

Shelly Zhao, "China's Mixed Transparency Record" (July 2012) (PDF)

Francesca Baruffi, "Transparency in China: A Work in Progress" (July 2011) (PDF)

Jamie P. Horsley, "Public Participation and the Democratization of Chinese Governance," in YANG ZHONG AND SHIPIN HUA, eds., POLITICAL CIVILIZATION AND MODERNIZATION: THE POLITICAL CONTEXT OF CHINA'S REFORM. (Singapore: World Scientific Press, 2006) 

Steven J. Balla (2014), "Health System Reform and Political Participation on the Chinese Internet," China Information 28(2) 214-236 http://cin.sagepub.com/content/28/2/214.abstract (PDF)

Wang Xixin, “Public Participation and its Limits: An Observation and Evaluation on Public Hearings as Experimented in China’s Administrative Process” (2003), http://www.publiclaw.cn/article/Details.asp?NewsId=220&Classid=&ClassName= (PDF)

Wang Xixin, “The Public, Expert and Government in the Public Decision-making Process: A Case Study of China's Price-Setting Hearing System and Its Practice,” Peking University Journal of Legal Studies (2008) (PDF) (with permission of the author)

 

Materials on Public Participation in the United States and Around the World

U.S. Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§551-559, 701-706 http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/5/pI.html

E.O. 12866 - Regulatory Planning and Review (1993) (English) (Chinese)

United States White House, President Barack Obama Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government (English) (Chinese)

E.O. 13563 - Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review (2011) (English) (Chinese)

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, June 25, 1998 (referred to as the “Aarhus Convention”), http://www.unece.org/env/pp/documents/cep43e.pdf (English) and http://www.unece.org/env/pp/documents/chinese.pdf (official UN Chinese translation)

 

Relevant Websites

Carter Center, China Transparency.org, http://www.chinatransparency.org (in Chinese)

Center for Public Participation Studies and Supports, Public Participation Website, Professor Wang Xixin, Peking University Law School, http://www.cppss.cn (in Chinese) 

China State Council Office of Legislative Affairs Website, http://www.chinalaw.gov.cn

Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and the China Environmental Culture Promotion Association (CECPA), Greenlaw website, http://www.greenlaw.org.cn (Chinese) and http://www.greenlaw.org.cn/enblog (English)