Our faculty is at the forefront of legal scholarship in a number of important areas, including issues of law and class, disability, gender, immigration, race, and sexual orientation/identity. Following is a sampling of their published work on these topics. Please note, due to the breadth of research, this is not an all-encompassing list. We will periodically update this site to highlight additional publications.

Faculty Scholarship


  • We the People, Vol. 3:  The Civil Rights Revolution, Harvard University Press: (2014).
  • Interpreting the Women’s Movement, 94 California Law Review 1421 (2006).
  • Revised Opinion for Brown v. Board of Education, in Jack Balkin ed., What Brown v. Board of Education Should Have Said, pp. 100-23 (NYU Press: 2001).
  • $80,000 and a Dream: A Simple Plan for Generating Equal Opportunity, The American Prospect pp. 25-27 (July 17, 2000) (with Anne Alstott).
  • The Citizenship of Others, 82 FORDHAM L. REV. 2041 (2014).
  • “Resisting Guantánamo: Rights at the Brink of Dehumanization,” 103 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1683 (2009).
  • “A Rage Shared by Law: Post- September 11 Racial Violence as Crimes of Passion,” 92 Cal. L. Rev. 1259 (2004).
  • “Serving Market Needs, Not People’s Needs: The Indignity of Welfare Reform,” 10 Amer.  U. J. of Gender, Soc. Policy & Law  27 (2002).
  • “Homeland Insecurities: Racial Profiling the Day After 9/11,”  Social Text  72, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Fall 2002).
  • “The Ethics of Narrative,” 11  Amer. U. J. of Gender, Soc. Policy & Law  117 (2002).
  • Race Effects on eBay, 46 Rand J. Econ. 891 (with Mahzarin Banaji and Christine Jolls) (2015).
  • Unhappy Meals: Sex Discrimination in Toy Choice at Mc Donald's, William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law (with Antonia Rose Ayres - Brown) (2015).
  • Statistical Methods Can Demonstrate Racial Disparity, N.Y. Times, Apr. 27, 2015.
  • When Whites Get a Free Pass: Research Shows White Privilege Is Real, N.Y. Times, Feb. 24, 2015.
  • Tops, Bottoms, and Versatiles: What Straight Views of Penetrative Preferences Could Mean for Sexuality Claims Under Price Waterhouse, 123 YALE LAW JOURNAL 714 (with Richard Luedeman)(2013).
  • Don’t Tax the Rich. Tax Inequality Itself, New York Times A29 (with Aaron S. Edlin)(December 18, 2011).
  • The Erasure of the Affirmative Action Debate in the Age of Obama, in The Obamas and a (Post) Racial America? (Gregory Parks & Matthew Hughey, eds. Oxford University Press) (2011).
  • A Study of Racially Disparate Outcomes in the Los Angeles Police Department, prepared  for the  ACLU of Southern California,  available at www.aclu-sc.org (with Jonathan Borowsky)(October 2008). 
  • Straightforward: How to Mobilize Heterosexual Support for Gay Rights (with Jennifer Gerarda Brown) (Princeton University Press 2005).
  • Pervasive Prejudice?: Unconventional Evidence of Race and Gender Discrimination (University of Chicago Press, 2002).
  • “Race and the Constitution,” 45 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 101 (2001).
  • “Section 5 and the Role of the Justice Department”, in Controversies in Minority Voting  (B. Grofman and C. Davidson, eds. Brookings, 1992).
  • “To the Rescue of Civil Rights”, The Philadelphia Inquirer (Bicentennial of the Bill of Rights Supplement 9, May 1, 1991).
  •  “The Courts’ Response to the Reagan Civil Rights Agenda”, 42 Vand L. Rev. 1989.
  • “The Other Desegregation Story: Eradicating the Dual School System in Hillsborough County, Florida,” 61 Fordham L.Rev 33 (1992).
  • Locking Up Our Own: Crime and Punishment in Black America (forthcoming April 2017, Farrar Straus & Giroux).
  • A Circle of Trust: The Story of the See Forever School (co-authored with David Domenici), in STARTING UP: NEW SCHOOLS IN NEW TIMES (Marv Hoffman & Lisa Arrastia, eds., 2012).
  • Racial Critiques of Mass Incarceration:  Beyond the New Jim Crow, 87 N.Y.U. L. REV. 21 (2012).
  • A Circle of Trust: The Story of the See Forever School (co-authored with David Domenici), in STARTING UP: NEW SCHOOLS IN NEW TIMES (Marv Hoffman & Lisa Arrastia, eds., 2012).
  • The Black Poor, Black Elites, and America’s Prison, 32 CARDOZO L. REV. 791 (2011).
  • What It Takes to Transform a School Inside a Juvenile Facility: The Story of the Maya Angelou Academy (co-authored with David Domenici), in JUSTICE FOR KIDS: KEEPING KIDS OUT OF THE  JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM (Nancy Dowd, ed., 2011).
  • Why Care About Mass Incarceration? 108 MICH. L. REV. 993 (2010)(reviewing PAUL BUTLER, LET’S  GET  FREE: A HIP-HOP THEORY OF JUSTICE (2009)).
  • The Rise and Fall of School Vouchers: A Story of Religion, Race and Politics, 54 UCLA L. R EV. 547 (2007).
  • Race and Class in the 21st Century: From Martin Luther King, Jr. to Bill Cosby, 50 VILLANOVA L. R EV. 213 (2005).
  • Juries and Race in the Nineteenth Century, 113 YALE L.J. 895 (2004).
  • “Goodbye to the Crown Jewel of the Civil Rights Movement,” Slate (June, 2013).
  • Editor, Race, Reform,  and  Regulation  of  the  Electoral  Process:  Recurring  Puzzles  in  American  Democracy (with Guy -Uriel Charles and Michael Kang) (2010).
  • Mexico’s Election Reforms: A Comparative View,  2 Mexican L. Rev. 163 (July - December  2009).
  • “Four Lawyers Review Sotomayor’s Performance, Wall Street Journal (July 17, 2009).
  • “Race, Voting Rights, and the Genius of Justice Souter, American Prospect Online (May 5, 2009).
  • Justice Kennedy’s Emerging Vision of Race, Balkinization (series of posts dated September 25 -27, 2007).
  • Justice Kennedy and the Domains of Equal Protection, 121 Harv. L. Rev. 104 (2007).
  • A Third Way for the Voting Rights Act: Section 5 and the Opt - In Approach, 106 COLUM.  L. R EV. 708 (2006).
  • Dissent, Diversity, and the Global Polity, in THE LEAST EXAMINED BRANCH: THE ROLE OF LEGISLATURES IN THE  CONSTITUTIONAL STATE 547 (eds. Bauman & Kahana 2006).
  • Race (Optional), The New Republic (Sept. 15, 2005).
  • Second-Order Diversity, 118 HARV. L. R EV. 1099 (2005).
  • Sounding the Echoes of Racial Injustice Beyond the Death Chamber: Strategies for Moving Past, McCleskey, 39 COLUM. HUM. RTS. L. REV. 124 (2007).
  • Race Effects on eBay (with Ian Ayres and Mahzarin Banaji), Rand Journal of Economics,  46:891-917 (2015).
  • Bias and the Law of the Workplace, in  Research Handbook on the Economics of Labor and  Employment Law , Cynthia L. Estlund and Michael L. Wachter, eds., Edward Elgar, pp. 275 - 295 (2012).
  • Antidiscrimination Law’s Effects on Implicit Bias, in Behavioral Analyses of Workplace Discrimination, Mitu Gulati and Michael Yelnosky, ed s., Kluwer Academic Publishers (2007).
  • Debiasing Through Law (with Cass R. Sunstein), Journal of Legal Studies, 35:199-241 (2006).
  • The Law of Implicit Bias (with Cass R. Sunstein), California Law Review, 94:969-996 (2006) (Symposium: Behavioral Realism in Law: Implicit Cognition and Social Justice).
  • Identifying the Effects of the Americans with Disabilities Act Using State - Law Variation: Preliminary Evidence on Educational Participation Effects, American Economic Review, 94:447 - 453 (2004).
  • Is There a Glass Ceiling? Harvard Women’s Law Journal, 25:1-18 (2002).
  • Antidiscrimination and Accommodation, Harvard Law Review, 115:642-699 (2001)
  • Accommodation Mandates, 53 Stanford Law Review 223 (2000), http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/1457/
  • Hands - Tying and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, in Symposium: The Changing Workplace, Texas Law Review, 74:1813 - 1846 (1996).
  • “The Law of Community Policing and Public Order Policing” in The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal  Justice (Springer, 2014).
  • “Justice Sotomayor and the Jurisprudence of Procedural Justice” 123  Yale Law Journal Forum 525 (2014).
  • “Punishment, Deterrence and Social Control:  The Paradox of Punishment in Minority Communities” (with Jeffrey Fagan) 6 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law  173 (2008).
  • Legitimacy and Criminal Justice: A Comparative Perspective (edited with Anthony Braga, Jeffrey Fagan, Robert Sampson, Tom R. Tyler and Christopher Winship) (Sage Foundation, 2007).
  • “Communities, Conflicts and Social Capital” in Moving Out: What Should Be Done for those Who Have Been Left Behind by Owen Fiss (Princeton University Press, 2003).
  • “Race and Crime (including Ethnicity)” in The International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (Elsevier, 2001).
  • Urgent Times: Policing and Rights in Inner City  Communities (with Dan Kahan) (Boston:  Beacon Press, 1999).
  •  “Charting Race and Class Differences in Attitudes Toward Drug Legalization and Law Enforcement:  Lessons for  Federal Criminal Law” 1 Buffalo Criminal Law Review 137 (1997).
  • Brennan and Religion, 95 Calif. L. Rev. 2193 (2007).
  • Foreword: Fashioning the Legal Constitution: Culture, Courts, and Law, 117 Harv. L. Rev. 4 (2003), http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/179/.
  • Prejudicial Appearances: The Logic of American Antidiscrimination Law (Robert C.  Post with K. Anthony Appiah, Judith Butler, Thomas C. Grey & Reva B. Siegel, Duke  University  Press 2001).
  • Race and Representation: Affirmative Action (Robert C. Post & Michael Rogin eds., University of California Press 1996; Zone Books 1998).
  • Censorship and Silencing: Practices of Cultural Regulation (Robert C. Post ed., Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities 1998).
  • Old and New Depictions of Justice: Reflections, Circa 2011, on Hill - Thomas, in I Still Believe Anita Hill, at 51 - 70 (Amy Richards and Cynthia Greenberg, eds., The Feminist Press, 2012).
  • Sisterhood, Slavery and Sovereignty: Transnational Women’s Rights Movements from  1840 through the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century, in Women’s America: Seventh Edition , at 781 - 790 (Linda Kerber, Cornelia Hughes Dayton, and Jane De Hart, eds.,  Oxford University Press,  2010).
  • Gendered Borders and United States’ Sovereignty, in Women and Immigration Law: New Variations on Classical Feminist Themes, at 44 - 63 (S .K. Van Walsum  and T. Spijkerboer, eds., Routledge - Cavendish Press, 2006).
  • Contracting Civil Procedure, in Law and Class in America: Trends Since the Cold War, at 60 - 86 (Paul Carrington and Trina Jones, eds., New York University Press, 2006).
  • Federalism(s), Feminism, Families, and the Constitution, in Women and the United States Constitution: History, Interpretation, and Practice, at 127 - 152 (Sybil A.  Schwarzenbach and Patricia Smith, eds., Columbia University Press, 2004).
  • Contested Identities: Task Force on Gender, Race, and Ethnic Bias and the Obligations of the Legal Profession (with Deborah Hensler) in Ethics in Practice, Lawyers’ Roles, Responsibilities, and Reg ulation , at 240 - 263 (ed. Deborah L. Rhode,  Oxford University Press, 2000).
  • The Effects of Gender: The Final Report of the Ninth Circuit Gender Bias Task Force (July 1993) (with The Hon. John C. Coughenour, The Hon. Proctor Hug, Jr., The  Hon. Marilyn Patel, Terry W. Bird, Deborah R. Hensler, M. Margaret McKeown,  and Henry Shie lds, Jr.), also reprinted in 67  Southern California Law Review 745 (1994).
  • Immigration and Refugee Law and Policy, 5th, 2013 Supplement (Foundation Press) (6th ed. 2015) (5th ed. 2009) (Supplements 2011 & 2013) (with Stephen H. Legomsky).
  • Race and the Law (Foundation Press) (1st ed. forthcoming) (with R. Richard Banks, Guy -Uriel Charles, and Kim Forde-Mazrui).
  • Legal Frameworks Affecting Immigrant Integration: Federal Baselines and Local Variation  (working paper  commissioned by National Academy of Sciences Committee on the Integration of Immigrants in U.S. Society) (October 2014)
  • It’s OK That Congress Won’t Fix Immigration: States Can Do A Lot on Their Own, Washington Post (Post Everything) (June 30, 2014)
  • Immigration and the Civil Rights Paradigm, in The New Black: What Has Changed--and What Has Not--with Race in America  (Guy - Uriel Charles & Ken Mack, eds., New Press 2013).
  • Immigration, Civil Rights, and the Formation of the People, 142 DAEDELUS (2013).
  • Immigration and the Civil Rights Agenda, 6 STAN. J. C.R.-C.L. 123 (2010) (symposium issue: civil rights and the Obama administration)  (reprinted in The New Black: What Has Changed--and What Has Not--with Race in America, Guy-Uriel Charles & Ken Mack, eds., New Press (2013).
  • Fourteenth Amendment is Key to American Experiment, (critiquing  proposals to deny birthright citizenship to children of unauthorized immigrants)(2010).
  • What Tests Can, and Can’t, Do, New York Times Room for Debate, Detecting Race Bias in the Workplace, June 29, 2009 (discussing Supreme Court’s decision in Ricci v. DeStefano)
  • Focus on Sotomayor, the Jurist, New York Times Room for Debate, Sotomayor: Does  Biography Matter?, May 26, 2009.
  • Discrete and Insular No More, 12 HARV. LAT. LATINO R EV. 41 (2009) (symposium issue in honor of the publication of Latinos and the Law (Delgado, Perea, Stefancic, eds.)).
  • Latinos and Immigrants, 11 HARV. LATINO L. REV. 247 (2008) (symposium issue:  Latino Civic  Participation).
  • Language Diversity in the Workplace, 100 NORTHWESTERN UNIV. L. REV. 1689 (2006).
  • Women and Property: Gaining  and Losing  Ground, 78 Virginia Law Review 421 (1992).
  • "The Sanitized Workplace Revisited," in Martha Fineman and Adam Romero, editors, STRANGE BEDFELLOWS?: AN UNCOMFORTABLE CONVERSATION IN FEMINIST AND QUEER LEGAL THEORY (forthcoming, 2007).
  • "Sex and Work," 18 Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 223 (2006).
  • "The Need for a Reduced Workweek in the United States," with Allison Hoffman, in Judith Fudge and Rosemary Owen, editors, PRECARIOUS WORK, WOMEN, AND THE NEW ECONOMY: THE CHALLENGE TO LEGAL NORMS 131 (Hart Publishing, 2006).
  • "Global Perspectives on Workplace Harassment," 8 Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal 151, 187 (2004).
  • "Round Table Discussion: Subversive Legal Moments," 12 Texas Journal of Women and the Law 197, 203 (2003).
  • "El lugar de trabajo higienizado," Ano 7, Numero 1, Revista Juridica de la Universidad de Palermo 101 (2006), translated by Maria Luisa Pique
  • "The Sanitized Workplace," 112 Yale Law Journal 2061 (2003).
  • "Race and Competence in the Academy," 6 Employee Rights and Employee Policy Journal 129, 178 (2002).
  • "Sexual Harassment: Legal Perspectives," with Eileen Goldsmith, in Paul B. Bates and Neil J. Smelser, editors, INTERNATIONAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES 13982-13987 (Elsevier Publishing Ltd., 2001).
  • "Symposium: Religion in the Workplace: Proceedings of the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Association of American Law Schools Section on Law and Religion," 4 Employee Rights & Employment Policy Journal 130 (2000).
  • Conscience Wars: Complicity-Based Conscience Claims in Religion and Politics, 124 Yale L. J. 2516 (2015), http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/5000/.
  • The Supreme Court, 2012 Term – Foreword: Equality Divided, 127 Harv. L. Rev. 2 (2013), http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/5001/.
  • Equality’s Frontiers: How Congress’s Section 5 Power Can Secure Transformative Equality, 122 Yale L. J.  Online 267 (2013).
  • From Colorblindness to Antibalkanization: An Emerging Ground of Decision in Race Equality Cases,  120  YALE L.J. 1278 (2011)
  • Gender and the United States Constitution: Equal Protection, Privacy, and Federalism, in Constituting Women: Comparative Perspectives (eds. Ruth Rubio - Marin & Beverley Baines, Cambridge Press 2004).
  • Equality Talk: Antisubordination and Anticlassification Values in Constitutional Struggles Over Brown, 117 Harv. L. Rev. 1470-1547 (2004)
  • Discrimination in the Eyes of the Law: How “Color Blindness” Discourse Disrupts and Rationalizes Social Stratification, 88 Calif. L. Rev. 77 - 118 (2000), reprinted in Prejudicial Appearances (Duke Press 2001).
  • Equal Protection By Law: Federal Antidiscrimination Legislation After Morrison and Kimel, 110 Yale L.J. 441- 526 (co-authored with Robert Post) (2000).
  • Why Equal Protection No Longer Protects: The Evolving Forms of Status-Enforcing State Actions, 49 Sten. L. Rev. 1111-1148 (1997), http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/1091/.
  • Disparity in Sentencing–Race & Gender, 15 FEDERAL SENTENCING REPORTER 160 (2003).
  • Geller, A., Fagan, J., Tyler, T.R. & Link, B.G. Aggressive policing and the mental health of young urban men.  American Journal of Public Health, 104(12), 2321 - 2327 (2014).
  • Meares, T.L. & Tyler, T.R. Justice Sotomayor and the Jurisprudence of Procedural Justice.  Yale Law Journal Forum (March 24, 2014).
  • Kirk, D.S., Papachristos, A.V., Fagan, J. & Tyler, T.R. The paradox of law enforcement of immigrant communities: Does tough immigration enforcement undermine public safety? Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 641, 79 - 98 (2012).
  • Tyler, T.R. Justice in America: The separate realities of Blacks and Whites.   Law and Society Review, 46, 456 - 457 (2012).
  • Zimerman, N. & Tyler, T.R. Between access to counsel and access to justice: A psychological perspective.  Fordham Urban law Journal, 37, 473 - 507 (2010).
  • Tyler, T.R. Ethnicity and perspectives on legal authority. In S. Demoulin, J.P.  Leyens, and J.F. Dovidio (Eds.) Intergroup misunderstandings: Impact of divergent social realities.  Philadelphia: Psychology Press (2009).
  • Tyler, T.R. Racial profiling, attributions of motive, and the acceptance of social authority. In R.L. Weiner, B.H. Bornstein, R. S chopp, and S.L. Willborn (Eds.) Social consciousness in legal decision making.  Springer  (2007).
  • Tyler, T.R. Policing in Black and White: Ethnic group differences in trust and confidence in the police.  Police Quarterly, 8, 322-342 (2005).
  • Tyler, T.R. Social justice. In R. Brown and S. Gaertner (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology. Volume 4: Intergroup processes (pp. 344-366).  London: Blackwell (2001).
  • Huo, Y. J. & Tyler, T.R. How different ethnic groups react to legal authority.  San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of California (2000).
  • Tyler, T.R. Multiculturalism and the willingness of citizens to defer to law and to legal authorities.  Law and Social Inquiry, 25(3), 983-1019 (2000).
  • Tyler, T.R., Lind, E.A. & Huo, Y.J. Cultural values and authority relations.   Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 6(4), 1138 - 1163 (2000).
  • Tyler, T.R. Trust and law abiding behavior: Building better relationships between the police, the courts, and the minority community. Boston University Law Review, 81, 361-406 (2001).
  • Huo, Y.J., and Tyler, T.R. Diversity, multiculturalism, and the viability of organizations. In J. Greenberg and R. Cropanzano (Eds.) Organizational Justice. Palo Alto, CA:  Stanford University Press, pp. 213 - 244 (2001).
  • Huo, Y.J., and Tyler, T.R. Ethnicity, identities, and the basis of support for authorities. In D.T. Goldberg, M. Musheno, and L. Bowers (Eds.) Between law and culture.  Minneapolis:   University of Minnesota Press, pp. 195-205 (2001).
  • Tyler, T.R. Public trust and confidence in legal authorities: What do majority and minority group members want from the law and legal authorities? Behavioral Science and the Law, 19, 215 - 235 (2001).
  • Tyler, T.R. Social justice: Outcome and procedure.  International Journal of Psychology, 35, 117-125 (2000).
  • Hitler's American Model: The United States and the Making of Nazi Race Law (Princeton University Press) (Forthcoming 2017).
  • Yale Law School Veterans Clinic Advocates for Marginalized Veteran Populations, Access to Justice, Vol 2., No. 1 (ABA Section of Litigation:  Winter 2015).
  • Imagining Immigration Reform, The Volunteer  (Sept. 2013).
  • Immigration Law and the Proportionality Requirement, 2 U.C. IRV. L.REV. 415 (2012) Re printed in IMM. & NAT. L. R EV. (2013).
  • “Welfare Reform at Ten:  Integration, Exclusion, and Immigration Federalism,” in Michael Fix,  ed., Immigrant Families and Children on the Tenth Anniversary of Welfare Reform (Migration Policy Institute: 2009).
  • The Constitutional Law of Immigration  Enforcement,” in Raids on Workers: Destroying Our Rights (with Justin Cox) (UFCW: 2009).
  • Collateral  Damage: An Examination of ICE’s Fugitive Operations Program (with Margot Mendelson &  Shayna Strom)(Migration Policy  Institute: 2009).
  • “The Story of Sale v. Haitian Centers Council, Inc.: Guantanamo and Refoulment” (with Harold  H. Koh), in Deena Hurwitz and Meg Satterthwaite,  eds. HUMAN RIGHTS ADVOCACY STORIES (Foundation Press: 2009).

Diversity matters. It matters for how we learn. It matters for how we serve. And it matters for how we lead. A great law school must offer a rich, challenging, and inclusive learning environment both inside and outside the classroom.”


Heather Gerken

Dean and Sol & Lillian Goldman Professor of Law